The District of Central Saanich is a member Municipality of the Capital Regional District (CRD) of Greater Victoria in British Columbia Canada, and is a rural residential community with a population of about 17, 000. The District has a medium sized, widely dispersed sewerage collection system, dating back to the early 1970’s that sends its sewage for treatment, by the CRD to the regional wastewater treatment plant. There is minimal storage capacity within the municipal collection system, with multiple sewage lift stations that pump sewage from these satellite stations through forcemains into the regional trunk sewer system and from there to treatment.
One of these facilities pumps sewage through a 300mm asbestos cement (AC) forcemain to a sewer siphon several kilometers away. When fluids travel such long distances, there is always the potential for pressure build ups from even the slightest changes in velocity.
When a sewer main ruptures under these circumstances it can have a significant negative impact on the environment, and presents head aches in repair and associated costs for the municipality, as well as being disruptive to the residents. This is exactly what was happening in Central Saanich due to aging infrastructure and surges from pumps stopping and power failures.
The District in conjunction with the CRD and its consultants Stantec, reviewed the options for upgrading the existing facility to address the ongoing operating conditions. The recommendation was an anticipating surge relief valve designed to reduce stress on the pipes thus preventing bursts and adding longevity to the life of the pipe. “After looking at what was available” said Mr. Edwards, a Design Engineer with the CRD “Singer Valve was the only company that had a Pneumatic Dynamic Lifter with the solenoid operated surge anticipator that would still work during power outages.”
Central Saanich has three 75 hp pumps that each cycle between 30-50 times a day. “As the valve operates on every shutdown, it is crucial that the valve operation is precise and occurs at the right times to prevent surges, otherwise you can literally blow lines out of the ground” said Mr. Mark Gimson, Singer Valves’ Account Sales Manager for this project.
The Pneumatic Dynamic Lifter is a very responsive compact sewage relief valve that can handle high pressures (200 psi or 13.8 bar or higher) and uses standard plant air supply to hold the valve closed. This chamber is fitted with a relief pilot that is also normally closed as long as the line pressure is lower than the set point. If pressure rises above the set point, the relief pilot opens, causing the air in the cylinder to vent, which in turn opens the valve. So this operates as a high pressure relief valve.
Another problem that Central Saanich had was surges due to power interruptions. When this happens, all the pumps suddenly stop resulting in a severe surge (proportional to fluid velocity at the time of the power interruption).
This problem is also solved by the Pneumatic Dynamic Lifter with its Anticipating Surge Relief option. The Anticipating Surge Relief function has two 3-way solenoid valves to put air into the cylinder under the piston, driving the valve open on power failure. This way when the surge returns back to the pump it is not coming back to a closed system where it can cause damage; it comes back to an open valve where it can be discharged safely back into the storage well underneath the pump. The main valve needs to be open long enough to handle the initial surge, but not longer, otherwise it will continue to drain the line. To prevent this, the solenoid is on a timer, which the field crew set at start up. Once the timer has elapsed then another solenoid allows air to re-charge the cylinder, thus closing the main valve.
Rob Nelson , an electrician with the District, was part of the Works Crew who assisted in the actual installation. He said, “The installation and set-up was a relatively simple process. This unit has worked very well in this application and we’ve also had great tech support from Singer Valve”.
The Dynamic Lifter has been designed to minimize maintenance and keep costs low. The piston and closing speed controls operate separate from the sewage, in a clean non-contaminating environment. Where conventional spring operated valves allow build-up of waste-water residue (dry pack) on the valve’s downstream and exhaust pipe to sump, the Dynamic Lifter can easily be opened through the actuator to flush out these unwanted build-ups. By using premium materials such as heat fused heavy epoxy coating inside and out of the main valve and with 316 stainless steel seat and stem, mineral and debris build-up is kept to a minimum.
The goal of eliminating the environmental impact and associated costs related to surges on pump shut downs and during power failures has been met by Singer’s Surge Anticipating Pneumatic Dynamic Lifter.
Singer Valve • 800.663.7266 • www.singervalve.com